A group of researchers have managed to increase the chances that what they are observing is not a black hole but a wormhole, thus finally confirming its existence.
Due to the interesting and enigmatic characteristics of wormholes, many science fiction writers use them in books and movies . However, the idea of wormholes has captivated scientists as much as these artists.
And it is that, although researchers have never found a wormhole in our universe, they often see them described in the solutions of important physical equations, such as Einstein’s theory of space – time and general relativity .
Since Einstein’s theory has been tested many times and proven correct every time, some scientists have been hoping that wormholes exist somewhere in the universe. And it seems that it has been . Scientists claim that wormholes may actually exist and that they would also know how to find them.
The researchers present the possibility of using data from the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) to determine whether or not a black hole is a wormhole or just a standard black hole.Until now, the observations made had an accuracy of 4% that a hole was a wormhole. However, they found that by looking at the highest energy light, they could raise it up to 50%.
What is a wormhole?
As they perfectly explain in The Conversation, imagine two cities located on two opposite sides of a mountain. The inhabitants of these cities would probably have to go around the mountain to visit each other. But, if they wanted to get there faster, they could tunnel through the mountain to create a shortcut. That’s the idea of a wormhole.A wormhole is like a tunnel between two distant points in our universe that shortens the travel time from one point to another. Instead of traveling many millions of years from one galaxy to another, under the right conditions a wormhole could theoretically be used to reduce travel time to hours or minutes .
Since wormholes represent shortcuts through space-time, they could even act as time machines . You might exit one end of a wormhole at a time before you entered its other end.
Although scientists had no proof that wormholes actually existed in our world, until now, this has always been a good tool to help astrophysicists think about space and time.
With all this on the table, you have to be careful because if observing a black hole is complicated, imagine identifying the wormhole with a 50% chance. It is true that you can already know if it is a wormhole or not, but even more powerful telescopes are needed to confirm it 100%.